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ICD-10 Boat

The following is a guest blog post by Laura Speek from The Breakaway Group (A Xerox Company) and Honora Roberts from Xerox. Check out all of the blog posts in the Breakaway Thinking series.

These are challenging times for healthcare providers in every imaginable vessel – and the whitewater ride is not over yet. Just around the bend looms the transition to ICD-10, scheduled for October 1, 2014. Most providers know the wisest course is to start preparing now, yet few have dared to navigate these uncharted waters.

For many, a major problem is not knowing where to start. Others may be suffering from protracted procrastination. And still others may be well on the road to ruin via the path of good intentions.

An effective way to put some wind in your ICD-10 sails is to get real about the serious costs of noncompliance. After October 1, 2014, claims must be submitted using ICD-10 coding to be eligible for reimbursement. In other words, if you don’t bill with ICD-10 codes, you simply won’t get paid. And that’s the cold, hard truth.

The transition to ICD-10 will affect every facet of healthcare, but it begins with understanding the basic differences between ICD-9 and ICD-10. First and foremost, ICD-10 is not just a simple expansion of ICD-9. There is no reliable one-to-one mapping system. Some ICD-9 codes equate to multiple ICD-10 codes, while some do not correspond to any.

ICD-10 codes include much greater specificity; care providers must document etiology, laterality, exact anatomical site, and other information. Patient encounter documentation must include proper detail to enable coders to locate the correct ICD-10 diagnosis and procedure codes. Physicians and mid-level providers should begin to assess their documentation today to identify where ICD-10 coding requirements are already being met and where improvement is needed.

Because clinical documentation is at the core of every patient encounter, it must be complete, precise, and accurately reflect the scope of care and services provided. Assuring depth and consistency of documentation represents a challenge for many organizations.

ICD-10 encompasses a huge increase in accessible codes. The ICD-10-CM diagnostic code set, used in all healthcare settings, increases from roughly 13,000 to 68,000 codes. The ICD-10-PCS procedural code set, used within inpatient settings only, expands from roughly 3,000 to 87,000 codes. It should be noted that ambulatory settings will continue to use CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) procedural codes.

Given this massive growth in coding scope, the importance of detailed clinical documentation becomes even more pronounced. Physicians and other healthcare providers typically are not trained to develop proper documentation skills in medical school or residency; nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) generally do not receive such training during graduate school or clinical rotations. Hospitals and healthcare systems need to compensate for this training deficiency by instituting educational programs and tools that align healthcare providers with proper documentation practices to clear the decks for successful transition to ICD-10.

ICD-10 requires physicians, NPs, and PAs to thoroughly document each and every patient encounter …read more

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